With four to five hundred-metre-width-strait separated Buka Island (c.500 km2) its land measures 9,300 km2. A Central Bougainville leader and landowner, Theresa Jaintong, wants the capital of a future independent state of Bougainville to return to Kieta. Around 1.5 kina a ride. At the background is Crown Prince Range where former giant Rio Tinto's Panguna Gold & Copper mine is located. There are still guns in the hands of ex-combatants (unofficial reservist force), and while they are no longer carried out in the open, never forget that a local may have quick access to a gun. This is a tropical island and Malaria is endemic. From Arawa they leave around 4 am. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville's confirmed its first case of the COVID-19 pandemic on Friday, August 7, 2020, in Arawa, Bougainville. 1768 French explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville is the first European to reach the island.. 1886 and 1898 Anglo-German accords see Bougainville, ethnically and geographically part of the Solomons, become part of German New Guinea. You can buy prepaid Digicel sim cards at the Weibel house in Arawa and a few places in Buka. For the same reason of lack of communication, you cannot book and they receive very few guests. One of the most traditional dishes is called "tama tama", made by pounding cassava, tapioca, or banana, until it becomes a starchy dough. BAT offers 7-day package tours into Bougainville and Buka Islands flying in via Australia and/or Papua New Guinea. Much of the island is difficult to penetrate and very little explored. From Kokopau PMVs leave for Arawa between 10 am and 1 pm (except Sundays). We stepped out onto the tarmac to 28c and 90% humidity, which I must say wasn’t as bad as I had feared. Bougainville is off the beaten track and far from easy to get to. Preferably you, or someone in your party, will have first aid knowledge. The Our Lady of the Assumption Cathedral is a religious building belonging to the Roman Catholic Church and is located in the town of Buka on the south coast of the island of Buka, in the autonomous region of Bougainville, formerly ″province of Bougainville″ which is part of Papua New Guinea a country in Oceania. Greatest of the region, Bougainville, continued under German administration until World War I when it fell to Australia, and after the war, it formally passed to Australian jurisdiction under a League of Nations mandate. Tens of millions in Australian infrastructure aid has rebuilt roads, schools and hospitals in the past decade. Buka town has lots to offer, including restaurants, bars and a trip to Sohano island are all on the must-do list. Check with your local health care providers well in advance of departure at for the most appropriate preventative medication. The prices between Lae and Buka are 420 lower deck, 440 upper deck and 630 first class. There is a branch of the Bank of the South Pacific [7], tel: +675 973 9752, located in Buka town. Joseph Canisius Kabui was a secessionist leader and the first President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, off the coast of Papua New Guinea, from 2005 to 2008. All of the rooms are double with air conditioning. They may have information about scheduled liveaboards headed for Bougainville. The Buka strait, despite its narrowness, is unbridged; however, regular ferries operate between the key settlements on either side and Buka Town has the main northern airstrip/airport. [1]. The island is home to some of the greatest biodiversity in the region both above and below the waters with spectacular reefs and lagoons. There is a Japanese war memorial on the northern tip and this is a lovely excellent place to take a stroll or just relax. Troop carriers left over from the war as well as Land Cruisers are used as public transit vehicles, and are widespread. The stage now moves to negotiations between the national government and the autonomous government to determine the fate of Bougainville. For most Bougainvilleans, Tok Pisin is the lingua franca, and at least in the coastal areas Pisin is often learned by children in a bilingual environment. All of the 19 rooms are double, but single occupancy is not a problem. A handful of rooms here on very remote Nissan Island. Arawa is the third largest city in Papua New Guinea, and it is the largest and capital of town of the Bougainville the autonomous region. The population of the province is 234,280, which includes islets such as the Carterets. The war claimed an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 lives (an eighth of the indigenous population). Picture: Ness Kerton/AFP Source:AFP A boat flying the Bougainville flag in the capital Buka. From a visitor viewpoint, the main areas of Bougainville are: The island was named after the French navigator Louis Antoine de Bougainville (whose name has also been lent to the creeping tropical flowering vines of the genus Bougainvillea ). He was also the leader of the Bougainville People's Congress. The larger languages such as Nasioi, Korokoro Motuna, Telei, and Halia are split into dialects that are not always mutually understandable. The safest method, given the values of the culture, is to be accompanied by a local. The population of the province is approximately 300,000 (2019 census), which includes islets such as the Carterets. Great food. This page is a list of districts of Papua New Guinea. Torokina: Torokina is a coastal village on Bougainville Island, in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, eastern Papua New Guinea. The Autonomous Region of Bougainville (AROB) is Located at the northern tip of the Solomon Islands Archipelago. For census purposes, the LLG areas are subdivided into wards and those into census units. In the forground is Arawa Town Market. These ply the strait between Buka Island and main Bougainville on a regular basis. There are a number of formal places to stay on Buka Island which cater largely to NGO representatives and government employees. Much smaller Buka Island, c. 500 km (190 sq mi) lies north across the 400–500 m (1,300–1,600 ft) wide Buka … “My vision for Arawa is it’s going to be the capital of the new Bougainville,” Arawa deputy mayor Genevieve Korokoro said. There are immigration offices in Bougainville to get your exit/entry stamp. Most formal accommodation options will provide full board with three meals a day if you request it. Mount Balbi on the main island at 2,715 m is the highest point. Keen divers may find it worth approaching Papua New Guinea Dive [6] which is the industry association for the country. Mount Balbi on the main island at 2,715 m (8,907 ft) is the highest point. In their culture, it is of the utmost importance to ensure the safety of a friend or guest. Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, a French explorer and navigator, gave the islands their name. Banana boats charge 2 kina to cross the passage to Kokopau or the islands in the passage. Try Nissan Island or even the Tulun Islands. It is extremely humid throughout the year, with a mean temperature of 27 °C (80 °F). Mount Billy Mitchell is a dormant volcano also in the Emperor Range, and has an especially beautiful 2 km wide caldera lake. November 10, 2020 An Altamar podcast interview with Shane McLeod Research Fellow of The Lowy Institute’s Australia-PNG Network People queue to vote at a polling station in the capital city Buka, Bougainville, in a historical independence vote on November 25, 2019. 50 kina. Two of the four principals of this operator are Bougainvillean. Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. The interim capital is Buka, though it is expected that major government services and buildings will be moved to Arawa, following reconstruction. These are the addresses : Buka Town - Tsirin Motors Building upstairs next to Post Courier office, Haku Street. In 1885 it came under German administration as part of German New Guinea. You should never get in a heated argument with a local as it may quickly attract a crowd and will put your local contact in an awkward position, and without a local contact, the situation could easily escalate out of control. Truly adventurous types might want to try securing passage on a weekly ship which departs from Rabaul on New Britain island. Arawa is the largest town and the former capital of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea. The Flag of Bougainville is a symbol of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea. Buka is located on the southern coast of Buka Island, in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, in eastern Papua New Guinea. Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific.With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. The mine began production in 1972 under the management of Bougainville Copper Ltd, with Papua New Guinea as a 20% shareholder. That will surely change over time though as reports from the odd liveaboard that has made it here describe the diving as some of the very best in the whole world. The small town of Wakunai on the east coast is noted as a good place to purchase basket-ware and other local artifacts. Mount Balbi is an active volcano with regular plumes of smoke and sulphurous vents. Buka Town - Located on the Buka Island shore of the Buka Passage (the channel separating Bougainville and Buka Islands), Buka Town is the current capital of the Region and hosts the Autonomous Government’s headquarters. Although seasons are not pronounced, June through August is the cooler period, and northwesterly winds from November until April bring more frequent rainfall, and occasional squalls or cyclones. The city of Arawa was extensively destroyed during the civil war of Bougainville that resulted in the relocation of the capital to Buka and plans are underway to rebuild Arawa and make it the capital again. Shared bathroom facilities. The vote officially ended on December 7 and according to the Bougainville Referendum Commission it passed off without major incident. Air Nugini [5] has flights every day of the week from Port Moresby to Buka Island, from where a short water taxi ride ride gets you to the main island of Bougainville. The flight takes about two hours, and like all travel within Papua New Guinea, is expensive. [2] The land where Arawa is now situated was previously a large expatriate plantation. The southwest of the main island is especially remote and cannot be reached even in 4WD vehicles. Ask around in Buka for boat charters or even hitching a ride on a regular departure. It seems unlikely that they would be full if you just turned up! There is a signpost which is hard to miss. Tiama Cave. Otherwise "roads" are primarily rough dirt tracks. People line up to vote in a referendum on Bougainville's independence from Papua New Guinea, in the region's interim capital of Buka Town, on Nov. … The extremely busy Aropa Airport was south of Kieta, immediately adjacent to the sea. They have 21 rooms, singles and doubles. Bougainville, officially the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, is an autonomous region in Papua New Guinea. Selau is a district of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. Its capital is Arawa-Kieta. Located on the waterfront overlooking the Buka Passage, this is the most upmarket place to stay anywhere in Bougainville. Great views over Buka Passage from the rooms. Interactive map of Buin Current time in Buin is now 08:18 PM (Tuesday) . It is in Buka Rural LLG of North Bougainville District, with the Autonomous Region's and district's capital city of Buka on the island. As well as this wreck, terrestrial WWII relics include several tanks and some other airplanes, and offshore, there are sunken boats to keep divers interested. Reports suggest that the best period is November thru March. After extensive destruction during the 1990 Civil Uprising on Bougainville, Kieta has few inhabitants now, and is known mainly for its transport connections. Kieta is a port town located on the eastern coast of the island of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea, near the township of Arawa. It has three ATM machines and offers foreign exchange facilities. The discovery of vast copper ore deposits in Bougainville's Crown Prince Range in 1969 led to the establishment of a huge copper mine by the Australian company Conzinc Rio Tinto. A large mine was established at Panguna in the early 1970s by Bougainville Copper Limited, a subsidiary of Australian mining giant Rio Tinto. Fresh fruit is as excellent as you would expect. Copyright © 2018 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. The north of the main island and the whole of Buka are quite safe for independent travel. Be sure to treat any open scratches with topical antibiotics. Buin Town - next to Montai Guest House opposite road eastern side. The Pacific island chain of Bougainville has begun voting in a long-awaited referendum on independence from Papua New Guinea (PNG).. More than 1,000 people waited on … [1] Contents. The one in Buin did not have a stamp as of September 2014 but it's a good idea to report at the first one you come across and get your stamp as soon as possible. The mine b… The region is named after Bougainville Island, the largest island of the Solomon Islands archipelago, but also contains a number of smaller islands. This is best started from a base in the village of Wakunai on the east coast south of Kokopau. Each province in Bougainville P. N. G. has one or more districts, and each district has one or more Local Level Government (LLG) areas. There are reports of travellers arriving by boat at Buin from Shortland Island in the northern Solomon Islands. We patiently waited for the bags to be unloaded from the plane and bought over to us and before long we were in a 4×4 truck bumping our way the short distance to the once Capital of Bougainville, Arawa – our hometown for the year. It is a fairly arduous journey south from the main arrival point for visitors at Buka Island. Buka Island is the second largest island in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, in eastern Papua New Guinea. A key attraction of Bougainville is its volcanic landscape. It is an island with vast untapped potential for tourism with magnificently rugged, jungled terrain and amazing coral reefs offshore. He is also the namesake of the Bougainvillea flower. It provided over 45% of Papua New Guinea's national export revenue and was incredibly important to the economy. All rooms are air-conditioned and they offer packages including all meals (basic room rate does not include any meals). A gravel track connects Arawa and Buin in the southeastern quarter on the main island, and there is circular road around the perimeter of Buka Island which is graveled in part. There are as yet no diving operators based at Bougainville. Buka Rural LLG is a local-level government (LLG) of comprising Buka Island in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. Initially the German Solomon Islands Protectorate included in the south-east Choiseul, Santa Isabel and the Shortlands with highly northern, vast, mainly water Ontong Java Atoll that in 1900 were conferred to the British Solomon Islands Protectorate. It is administered under Buka Rural LLG. Tiama Cave is located only 10km from Buka town, near a serene seaside hamlet in Lonahan Village . Cassava, tapioca, yams, and "choco", are the most common carbohydrate grown locally. Buin is a town on Bougainville Island, and the capital of the South Bougainville District, in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, in eastern Papua New Guinea. Several Northwest Solomonic languages are spoken in the LLG. Kulu Guest House situated right at the tip, and Balil Lodge nearby. To the Solomon Islands - see the Get In section for details. First class has a berth and includes meals. Arawa Rural LLG is a local-level government (LLG) of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. There is currently only one specialist Bougainville tour operator. In some central and southern areas of the main island, to this date there are virtually no foreigners. It consists of two large islands, Bougainville (8,646 square kilometers) and Buka (598 square kilometers), separated by a narrow passage, as well as many smaller islands. The conflict ended in 1997, after negotiations brokered by New Zealand, and a peace agreement finalised in 2000 provided for the establishment of an Autonomous Bougainville Government, and for a referendum in the future on whether the island should become politically independent. A boat ride in and around the narrow channel that separates Buka Island from main Bougainville, the Buka Passage, allows visitors to experience several small islands and tiny uninhabited atolls. The … The Papua New Guinea Defence Force (PNGDF) attempted to put down the rebellion, and the conflict escalated into an all-out bloody civil war. Some have air-conditioning but all rooms do have fans. This site is owned, operated, and maintained by MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands. The Northern Solomons were the more northerly group of islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago over which Germany declared a protectorate in 1885. Today many of Bougainville’s 206,000 eligible voters are moving towards one of 800 polling stations across the territory on its first day of voting. It is possible to organise an extension to this trek all the way across the Emperor Range to the west coast, which would take about one week in total. If you are looking for an authentic local item, Bougainville is known for the high quality of its basket-ware, perhaps the best in all of Papua New Guinea. Arawa is the largest town and the former capital of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea.It is administered under Arawa Rural LLG. Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea, also known as Bougainville Province. Gerald Dising, a store owner who travelled from the far south of Bougainville to witness the result, described it as a “first hurdle” being passed. The town of Buka was made Bougainville's capital after the old capital Arawa was destroyed in the war. Reliable and knowledgeable guides will be available in the village. It is a fairly arduous journey south from the main arrival point for visitors of Buka Island. English: Bougainville - Province of Bougainville The island and province Bougainville is part of Papua New Guinea and is the largest of the Solomon Islands group. Reports suggest that globally endangered dugongs are as common here as anywhere in the world. Bougainvilleans and have a land area of 9,300 square kilometres. However, the group was extended by the applicable governments and withdrew completely by 23 August 2003. We are liberated," John Momis, president of the Autonomous Government of Bougainville, said at an event in the regional capital of Buka that was streamed live. Elections for the first Autonomous Government were held in May and June 2005. There is some useful information about the border crossing here. At the northern tip of the island is the Tchibo Rock, which is said by local legend to have magical properties. English and Tok Pisin are the languages of official business and government. Arawa Town - Central Bougainvile District Treasury Office Upstairs Section 15. Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea (PNG), has been inhabited by humans for at least 29,000 years, according to artefacts found in Kilu Cave on Buka Island. It was in close proximity to Kieta, the historic district headquarters whose geographical location made expansion difficult. Australia occupied it in 1914, and administered it from 1918 until the Japanese invaded in 1942, and then again from 1945 until PNG independence in 1975, as a United Nations mandatory power. Admiral Yamamoto, famous as the mastermind behind the attack on Pearl Harbour, was shot down here by US fighter planes on April 18th 1943, and the wreckage lies in the jungle about three km kilometres off the east coast road to the south of Arawa, about 25 km north of Buin. Its capital is Arawa. These areas should not be visited by independent travelers without seeking local advice. Place in Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, Populated places in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, "Papua New Guinea Village Coordinates Lookup". Guaranteed power (this is an issue) from their own generator. For all your travel needs consult MK Business Consultants which provide reliable travel arrangements services. These denominations did not previously operate on Bougainville and Buka, which prior to the Panguna mine had largely been Roman Catholic and Methodist-cum-United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. The town was largely destroyed during the Bougainville Civil War,[ citation needed ] resulting in the relocation of the capital to Buka, though there are plans to rebuild Arawa and make it the capital again. It departs from Lae on Sundays via Kimbe (Monday), Rabaul (Tuesday) and reaching Buka on Wednesdays. Feel safe in asking the locals for bush medicine as it is very effective. There are several remnants of the Japanese occupation of Bougainville during WWII, but none more famous than Admiral Yamamoto’s Mitsubishi bomber wreck. Try Star Ships (tel: +675 97 9821070). Currently running two tours each year with plans for more. Text is available under [http://wikitravel.org/shared/Copyleft Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0] images are available under [http://wikitravel.org/shared/How_to_re-use_Wikitravel_guides various licenses], see each image for details. This page was last edited on 19 October 2020, at 02:09. The immigration situation is complex though, and this route is not encouraged by officials from either nation. The island is in the northern Solomon Islands Archipelago of the Melanesia region, in the South Pacific Ocean. It is unlikely that you would be able to make a formal booking; rather just turn up in Rabaul and have plenty of time on your hands. Bougainville is about to open negotiations with Papua New Guinea following the overwhelming vote in favour of independence in a … The local staples are fish (near the coast) and chicken, with pigs usually being reserved for special feasts. Tours include activities such as scuba diving, snorkeling, fishing, spear-fishing, surfing, WWII history, bush walking and cultural experiences. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain.Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide. 1921 Australia wins a League of Nations mandate over what is now Papua New Guinea, including Bougainville. The main island is vividly green with rugged, towering volcanoes. From Buin to Shortland island (Solomon Islands) you can hire a banana boat or hitch a ride with Solomon Islanders who come for the market on Saturday. Buin in the region of Bougainville with it's 750 residents is located in Papua New Guinea - some 610 mi (or 981 km) East of Port Moresby, the country's capital. Bougainville, the adjacent island of Buka, and assorted outlying islands including the Carterets are sometimes known as North Solomons. From Buka it does the opposite route on wednesdays, arriving to Rabaul on Thursdays, Kimbe on Fridays and Lae on Saturdays. There are no sealed roads in Bougainville. The celebration is a community event with backing of local business houses and the Kieta District Administration. The independence of Bougainville (Republic of North Solomons) was unsuccessfully proclaimed in 1975 and in 1990. Tourism Office of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville. Saltwater crocodiles exist within the major river systems, so exercise extreme caution. Do not be alarmed at the sight of bush knives or large machetes, it is very normal for locals to carry them. From a visitor viewpoint, the main areas of Bougainville are: Arawa — the former administrative capital and main city which was the centre of the mining business before operations ceased during the war. Bougainville: The World’s Next Country? From a visitor viewpoint, the main areas of Bougainville are: Arawa — the former administrative capital and main city which was the centre of the mining business before operations ceased during the war. Bougainville Day is an annual celebration to commemorate the day on which Bougainville was granted autonomous self-government. There is also a Thursday market in Buin that is not as big. https://wikitravel.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Bougainville&oldid=2661088, Pages linked to a data item for a disambiguation. Generally it is known as Selau-Suir Rural LLG which is one of the districts in Bougainville. Travel to the no-go zone and Panguna mine can be made, but is only possible through a well-connected local. There are two other guest houses on Nissan both at Tartumpos Balil. In 1988 the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) increased their activity significantly. These include both Melanesian and Papuan languages, none of which are spoken by more than 20% of the population. At the time, the Panguna open cut mine was the largest in the world. The estimated population of Arawa is almost 36,443 inhabitants. Inquire in Buka town for boat charters. There are not many formal accommodation options here. It was also close to new commercial port facilities at Loloho in Anewa Bay north of Arawa, in addition to the small longstanding port near Kieta, which allowed rural agricultural products to be loaded onto cargo ships. There is no way to book as there are no communication lines to this island. The PNGDF retreated from permanent positions on Bougainville in 1990, but continued military action. According to Public Radio International (PRI), it’s a small province within Papua New Guinea. Buka Town is the hub of the island and the interim capital of Bougainville. The area is ripe for exploratory kayaking - you will likely be attacking virgin territory! The largest island is Bougainville Island, while the region also includes Buka Island and a number of outlying islands and atolls. Quality of food varies. Bougainville has many rushing rivers and adjacent cave systems. The townsite was quickly developed through the 1970s and 1980s with residential neighbourhoods, commercial enterprises, large public schools in addition to long-established Roman Catholic schools in Kieta, a public library, hotels and restaurants and entertainment facilities such as a film theatre. There are also daily flights from Rabaul. Share on Linked In. There are a few simple restaurants in Buka, but options elsewhere are largely limited to local roadside food or preferably homemade food. Billede fra Arawa, Bougainville Island: Arawa Town the capital of Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea. 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